During the present study in Biligiri Rangaswamy TempleTiger Reserve (BRT), nine species of small carnivores viz., Jungle CatFelis chaus, Rusty-spotted Cat Prionalilurus rubiginosus, Leopard CatPrionailurus bengalensis, Small Indian Civet Viverricula indica, AsianPalm Civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus, Striped-necked MongooseHerpestes viW'collis, Ruddy Mongoose Herpestes smithii, CommonMongoose Herpestes edwardsii and Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogaleperspicillata, were recorded using camera-trapping technique,transect walks, and night surveys. Vegetation type strongly influencesthe presence and abundance of each species. The most sightings ofsmall carnivores occurred in dry deciduous forests. Among all thespecies, the Asian Palm Civet was the most abundant and was followedby the small Indian Civet. Compared to many other forests or regionsin India, the sight records of the Rusty-spotted Cat were relativelyhigher in BRT. Although we were unable to use statistical methodsto search for higher levels of interdependencies between forest typesand small carnivore abundance, our study sheds light on patterns ofsmall carnivore distribution in this unique habitat which bridges theWestern Ghats and the Eastern Ghats.