Ecosystems and global change

To fill knowledge gaps to enable civil society and government to better manage ecosystems under global change. In objective terms, this would translate to:

  • Studying responses of biodiversity at all levels (genes to ecosystems) and scales (local to biomes) to global change
  • Informing and engaging with civil society (local communities to scientists) and government to incorporate best science and traditional knowledge in management of ecosystems
  • Recasting taxonomy and biosystematics as an integral part of conservation science


The degradation of natural ecosystems is of particular concern for several reasons. Changes are rapid, and, when associated with loss of species or ecosystems, irreversible. The loss of natural ecosystems also results in loss of ecosystem services such as clean water from watersheds, retention of soil and soil fertility, sequestration of carbon and provision of pollinators and natural enemies of pests. Value of these ecosystems services often exceeds the annual gross domestic product of countries. In a country like India, millions of people rely on services and products from natural ecosystems to sustain their livelihoods. Our understanding of biodiversity in natural ecosystems in terms of patterns of occurrence, and their role and functions remain so woefully inadequate that we are unable to fully comprehend the consequences of its loss. With climate change, rapid penetration of markets, increasing urbanization, globalization and increasing spread of invasive species, biodiversity crisis is likely to get worse with far-reaching impacts on human societies. Therefore linking science with the effective management of complex tropical ecosystems is a critical necessity, although it is still in its infancy.

Accurately cataloging organisms using the science of taxonomy is fundamental to describing life on earth and to the conservation of biodiversity. There are many unknown species within the ecological communities that are still awaiting taxonomic scrutiny and whose functions and roles in ecosystems through coevolved plant–animal interactions are largely unknown.

There also are emerging threats to ecosystem functioning and biodiversity from climate change, invasive species and disease. We are only beginning to understand the dynamics of social–ecological systems that view human use and interventions, as in use of fire, as part of complex ecological dynamics over time and space, rather than as imposed constraints and conditions on static ecosystems. Finally, we are still largely ignorant about the synergies and feedbacks between bio-physical processes such as climate variability and human activities in shaping the dynamics and response of ecosystems and biodiversity over time and space. This programme will address these knowledge gaps using disciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches, and work towards a more scientifically informed and socially just conservation. This large programme has several working groups that focus on smaller, cohesive areas such as Biosystematics and Conservation Genetics, Monitoring and Managing Ecosystem Change, and Urban Ecology.

Issues addressed

  • Ecosystems and landscapes and the biodiversity communities in them are undergoing change at local, regional and global scales
  • Drivers of change and emerging threats include climate change, deforestation, forest use, urbanization, spread of invasive species
  • There are feedbacks and links between human interventions and bio-physical processes
  • Ecosystem services framework cannot explicitly address all knowledge and conceptual gaps

Working groups

There are six working groups under the Ecosystems and Global Change Programme:

  1. Biosystematics
  2. Terrestrial ecosystems and climate change
  3. Monitoring and habitat management
  4. Invasive species and disturbance
  5. Urban ecology
  6. Conservation planning and society


Team: Aravind N.A., Ravikanth G., Priyadarsanan D.R. and Ganesan R.

This group teaches and practices research in systematics and conservation of insect species, molluscs, amphibians and plants.

Biosystematics objectives:

  • Systematic studies of groups to understand the phylogeny of Indian taxa and their global status
  • Strengthening and revitalizing the practice of systematics with the use of molecular, GIS and bio-informatics tools
  • Contributions from systematics science towards conservation of threatened species and their habitats
  • Human resource development in systematics (elective and courses for para-taxonomists)

Terrestrial ecosystems and climate change

Team: Aravind N.A., Soubadra Devy, Jagdish K.

The impact of global and regional climate changes on vegetation need to be carefully studied, particularly for biodiversity hotspots and forested landscapes that support the diverse biodiversity as well as livelihoods of human communities. Changes in ecosystems have cascading effects that need to be properly understood and quantified. With climate change already upon us, changes in species distributions, seasonal patterns, and ecosystem processes are already being documented. This working group conducts research in two biodiversity hotspots of India – the Western Ghats and the Eastern Himalayas.

The working group objectives are:

  • To study historical and current patterns of vegetation to measure and map changes and attribute these changes to possible factors such as land use/ land cover change, and direct and indirect effects of climate change
  • To assess potential impacts of climate change on endemic species, montane ecosystems, species diversity and community structure of fragmented forests, phenology, and ecosystem processes
  • To study socio-economic implications and vulnerability of local communities to climate change and its impacts on patterns of human dependence on natural resources
  • To study potential mitigation of climate change through carbon sequestration and reduction of CO2 emissions, achieved by slowing down/ avoiding degradation and deforestation for different terrestrial ecosystems
  • To develop framework, mechanisms and institutional structures for sustainable use of bio-resources under climate change, and more generally under global environmental change by building resilience and developing adaptation strategies

Monitoring and habitat management

Team: T. Ganesh, Jagdish K., R. Ganesan

The demands of human society on natural resources and ecosystems have considerably altered the socio-ecological systems either directly or indirectly. Such changes are often not recorded and monitored systematically over space and time. This working group will address these issues in the following ways:

  • Identify the biophysical, ecological and socio-economic drivers of change that require monitoring for conservation and/or sustainable use of natural ecosystems
  • Develop and establish monitoring protocols for spatial and temporal scales of representative natural and semi-natural ecosystems and some protected areas in India using a combination of remotely sensed surrogates and ground measurements
  • Use existing monitoring data to address questions on structure and change that pan across various socio-ecological systems

Invasive species and disturbance

Team: Ankila Hiremath

Invasive species, fire and other disturbances are examples of a whole suite of direct or indirect human and biophysical influences on socio-ecological systems. The objectives of this working group are:

  • To understand the biophysical, ecological and socio-economic drivers underlying these influences
  • To understand the ecological and socio-economic impacts of these influences
  • To use this understanding to try and restore systems, whether with a conservation objective (as in the case of invasive species), or a sustainable use objective (as in the case of fire)
  • To train and collaborate with resource managers and practitioners
  • To measure the impact of invasive species and fire on the structure of native plant and large-mammal communities

Urban ecology

Team: Harini Nagendra, Jagdish K., Soubadra Devy, Aravind N.A.

Urbanisation, like climate change, has been identified as a major threat to biodiversity (Srinivasulu 2008). By 2030 more than 60% of the world’s population is expected to live in cities (Dietz et al 2007). Cities depend on nature and a wider hinterland from where they draw a variety of inputs and also flush their outputs, thus leaving behind a large ecological footprint. The current paradigm is that cities are net consumers of ecosystem services that are generated elsewhere in rural and natural landscapes. However, cities do have the potential to generate both ecosystem services and sustain biodiversity. Urban biodiversity and the associated ecosystem services have been ignored and undervalued because ecologists have focused only on large wild habitats and rare species. However, with rapid urbanization, the challenge is to build the native biodiversity and generate ecosystem services such as water and carbon sequestration within the urban landscape. This could be done by involving multiple stakeholders like the local municipality, architects and, most importantly, citizens in the neighbourhood. We also need to follow the concept of adaptive co-management.

The Urban ecology programme at ATREE is currently collaborating with the Stockholm Resilience Centre to focus on quantifying and mapping biodiversity and ecosystem services in Bangalore and work with government and citizens towards more sustainable urban socio-ecological systems. It is also working with a corporate to reduce carbon footprint and measure biodiversity on office campuses and working with another corporate in building awareness about carbon sequestration and biodiversity amongst professional staff.

Conservation planning and society

Team: Jagdish K., Nitin Rai

Conservation planning is the design of protected areas and networks of protected areas at all ecological, spatial and governance scales, ranging from sacred groves involving a village panchayat to large landscapes protected and managed by the state. Protected areas have largely been established and maintained by the state. In India, the design, location and management of protected areas have often not been informed adequately by either good ecological science or traditional, social, anthropological, cultural and economic knowledge and insights.

The Conservation planning and society working group at ATREE will incorporate a combination of ecological, forest rights, political ecology and economic perspectives to inform the design and management of protected areas with the involvement of local and regional stakeholders. This may require planning of testing alternate models of protected areas that are based on integration of ecological, socio-cultural and socio-economic perspectives and that are also synergistic with available legal frame-works such as the Forest Rights Act, as well as the provision for community and conservation reserves under the Wildlife Protection Act.

Research, policy and community interfaces

  • Assist government and civil society understand the implications of global change and prepare adaptation and other responses (as in Sikkim DBT, Vembanad, PA management plans (lantana)).
  • Develop a CAMPA monitoring protocol to inform investments in regeneration and reforestation
  • Monitor ecological and socio-economic changes post Forest Rights Act
  • Assist municipal authorities understand biodiversity and ecosystem service linkages in urban environments
  • Develop courses for Ph D, Masters and other audiences


  • Vivek, R and T. Ganesh. 2012. Habitat structure and its effects on bird assemblages in the Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 109 (in press)
  • Jorge, A, Vanak, A. T., Thaker, M., Begg, C. and Slotow, R. (Accepted) Costs and benefits of leopard to the sport hunting industry and local communities in Niassa National Reserve, Mozambique. Conservation Biology
  • Birkett, P. J., Vanak, A. T., Ferreira, S. and Slotow, R. 2012. Animal perception of seasonal thresholds: changes in elephant movement in relation to rainfall patterns. PLoSOne 7(6): e38363. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0038363
  • Vanak, A.T., Shannon, G., Thaker, M., Page, B., Grant, R., and Slotow, R. 2012. Biocomplexity in large tree mortality: interactions between elephant, fire and landscape in an African savanna. Ecography DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.07213.x
  • Seshadri, K. S., K.V. Gururaja and N. A. Aravind. 2012. A new species of Raorchestes (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from mid-elevation evergreen forests of the southern Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa. 3410: 19–34.
  • Sen, S., G. Ravikanth and N. A. Aravind. 2012. Status of terrestrial mollusks in Indian conservation arena: a synthesis. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 4: 3029–3037.
  • Reid, D., N. A. Aravind and N. A. Madhyastha. A unique radiation of marine littorinid snails in the freshwater streams of the Western Ghats of India: the genus Cremnoconchus W. T. Blanford, 1869 (Gastropoda: Littorinidae). Zoological Journal of Linnaean Society, 167: 95-135.
  • Sen, S., Ravikanth G. and Aravind N. A. 2012. Land snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of India: Status, threats and conservation strategies. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(11): 3029–3037
  • Ismail S., Buser A, Uma Shaankar R, Ravikanth G., Ghazoul J and Kettle C. J. 2012. Development of polymorphic microsatellite markers for the critically endangered and endemic Indian dipterocarp, Vateria indica L. (Dipterocarpaceae). Conservation Genetics DOI 10.1007/s12686-012-9829-9
  • Ismail S. A., Ghazoul J., Ravikanth G., Uma Shaanker R., Kushalappa C. G.,. Kettle C.J. 2012. Does long distance pollen dispersal preclude inbreeding in tropical trees? Fragmentation genetics of Dysoxylum malabaricum in an agro-forest landscape. Molecular Ecology DOI: 10.1111/mec.12054
  • Lyngdoh, N., Gunaga R. P., G. Joshi., Vasudeva, R., Ravikanth, G. and Uma Shaanker R. 2012 Influence of geographic distance and genetic dissimilarity among clones on flowering synchrony in a teak (Tectona grandis Linn. f) clonal seed orchard. Silvae Genetica 61 (1-2): 10-17
  • Srirama R., Deepak H.B, Senthilkumar U., Ravikanth G., Gurumurthy B. R., Shivanna M. B., Chandrasekaran C.V., Amit Agarwal, Uma Shaanker R., 2012. Hepatoprotective activity of Indian Phyllanthus . L. Pharmaceutical Biology 50(8): 948–953
  • Sundaram B., S. Krishnan, A.J. Hiremath, G. Joseph. 2012. Ecology and impacts of the invasive species, Lantana camara, in a social-ecological system in South India: Perspectives from local knowledge. Human Ecology. DOI 10.1007/s10745-012-9532-1
  • Krishnaswamy, J., M. Bonell, B. Venkatesh, B. K. Purandara, S. Lele, M. C. Kiran, V. Reddy, S. Badiger, K. N. Rakesh. 2012. The rain–runoff response of tropical humid forest ecosystems to use and reforestation in the Western Ghats of India. Journal of Hydrology . 472-473: 216–237
  • Sen, S., G. Ravikanth and N. A. Aravind. 2012. Land snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of India: Status, threats and conservation strategies. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 4(11): 3029–3037
  • Ganesan, R. 2011. Litsea kakkachensis (Lauraceae) – A new species from Agasthyamalai, Western Ghats, India. Rheedea 21: 143-146
  • Chetana,H. C., S. Krishnan and T. Ganesh. 2012. Biodiversity regain in abandoned tea plantations. Current Science 102(8): 1089-1090
  • Caughlin, T. T., T. Ganesh and M. D. Lowman. 2012. Sacred fig trees promote frugivore visitation and tree seedling abundance in South India. Current Science 102 (6): 918-922
  • Raghavan, R., N. Dahanukar, K. Krishnakumar, A. Ali, S. Solomon, M. R. Ramprasanth, F. Baby, B. Pereira, J. Tharian and S. Philip. 2012. Western Ghats’ fish fauna in peril: are pseudo conservationist attitudes to be blamed? Current Science 102 (6): 835-837


  • Krishnakumar, K., F. G. Benno Pereira and K. V. Radhakrishnan. 2011. Puntius madhusoodani (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), a new species of barb from Manimala River, Kerala, South India. Biosystematica 5 (2): 31-37
  • Chetana, H. C., and T. Ganesh. 2011. Importance of shade trees (Gravillea robusta) in the dispersal of forest tree species in managed tea plantations of southern Western Ghats, India. Journal of Tropical Ecology 28: 187-197
  • Seshadri, K. S., A. Vivek Chandran and K. V. Gururaja. 2011. Anurans from wetlands of Puducherry, along the East Coast of India. Check List 8(1): 023-026
  • Ray, A., Sumangala R. C., G. Ravikanth, Uma Shaanker R and S. Quader. 2011. Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci from invasive plant Lantana camara. L. Conservation Genetic Resources DOI 10.1007/s12686-011-9501-9
  • P., Mohana Kumara, S. Zuehlke, Priti V., Ramesha B. T., Shweta S., G. Ravikanth, Vasudeva R., Santhoshkumar, T. R., M. Spiteller, Uma Shaanker R. 2011. Fusarium proliferatum, an endophytic fungus from Dysoxylum binectariferum Hook. f, produces rohitukine, a chromane alkaloid possessing anti-cancer activity Antonievan Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology DOI 10.1007/s10482-011-9638-2
  • V. Deepak, M. Ramesh, S. Bhupathy and K. Vasudevan. 2011. Indotestudo travancorica (Boulenger 1907) – Travancore Tortoise. Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises. Chelonian Research Monographs 5:054.1-054.6
  • Seshadri, K. S. and T. Ganesh. 2011. Faunal mortality on roads due to religious tourism across time and space in protected areas: A case study from south India. Forest Ecology and Management 262: 1713–1721
  • Chaudhary, P., S. Rai, S. Wangdi, A. Mao, N. Rehman, S. Chettri and K. S. Bawa. 2011. Consistency of local perceptions of climate change in the Kangchenjunga Himalaya landscape. Current Science 101(4): 504-513
  • Ravikanth, G., R. Srirama, K. N. Ganeshaiah and Uma Shaanker R. 2011. In pursuit of a universal barcode of plants: Peril of followers? Current Science 101(3):269-271
  • Nagendra, H. 2011. Assessing relatedness and redundancy of forest monitoring and change indicators. Journal of Environmental Management 95 (2012): 108-113
  • Shivanna, K. R. 2011. Pollen pistil interaction: A complex mating game required for fertilization in flowering plants. Journal of Palynology 46: 97-120
  • Krishnakumar, K., A. Ali, B. Pereira and R. Raghavan. 2011. Unregulated aquaculture and invasive alien species: A case study of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus in Vembanad Lake (Ramsar Wetland), Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(5): 1737-1744
  • Sharma, M. V., and K. R. Shivanna. 2011. Pollinators, pollination efficiency and fruiting success in a wild nutmeg, Myristica dactyloides. Journal of Tropical Ecology 27: 405-412
  • Ramesha, B. T., M. D. Yetish, G. Ravikanth, K. N. Ganeshaiah, J. Gazoul and R. Uma Shaanker. 2011. Stylish lengths: Mate choice in flowers. Journal of Bioscience 36(2): 229-234
  • Ramesha, B. T., S. Zuehlke, R. C. Vijay, V. Priti, G. Ravikanth, K. N. Ganeshaiah, M. Spiteller and R. Uma Shaanker. 2011. Sequestration of camptothecin, an anticancer alkaloid, by chrysomelid beetles. Journal of Chemical Ecology 37(5): 533-536
  • Ramesha, B. T., J. Gertsch, G. Ravikanth, V. Priti, K. N. Ganeshaiah and R. Uma Shaanker. 2011. Biodiversity and chemodiversity: Future perspectives in bioprospecting. Current Drug Targets
  • Raghavan, R., et al Is the Deccan Mahseer, Tor khudree (Sykes, 1839) (Pisces:Cyprinidae) fishery in the Western Ghats Hotspot sustainable? A participatory approach to stock assessment. Fisheries Research 110(1): 29-38
  • Nagendra, H., and E. Ostrom. 2011. The challenge of forest diagnostics. Ecology and Society 16(2): 20
  • Molleman, L., S. Boeve, J. H. D. Wolf, J. G. B. Oostermeijer, S. Devy, and R. Ganesan. 2011. Commercial harvesting and regeneration of epiphytic macrolichen communities in the Western Ghats, India. Environmental Conservation 38(3): 1-8
    Southworth, J., H. Nagendra and L. Cassidy. 2011. Forest transition pathways in Asia - studies from Nepal, India, Thailand, and Cambodia. Journal of Land Use Science: 1-15.
  • Kelsey, R. G., G. Joseph and G. M. McWilliams. 2011. Ethanol synthesis by anoxic root segments from five cedar species relates to their habitat attributes but not their known differences in vulnerability to Phytophthora lateralis root disease. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41(6): 1202-1211
  • He, K. S., D. Rocchini, M. Neteler and H. Nagendra. 2011. Benefits of hyperspectral remote sensing for tracking plant invasions. Diversity and Distributions 17(3): 381-392
  • Atkore, V. M., K. Sivakumar and A. J. T. Johnsingh. 2011. Patterns of diversity and conservation status of freshwater fishes in the tributaries of Ramganga river, in the Shiwaliks of the Western Himalaya. Current Science 100(5): 731-736
  • Goswami, R., and T. Ganesh. 2011. Conservation amidst political unrest: the case of Manas National Park, India. Current Science 100(4): 445-446
  • Vivek, R., and T. Ganesh. 2011. Birding high: Ornithological studies in the canopy. What's up? 17(2): 2-3
  • Purushotham, C. B., K. Dharmadhikari and R. Vivek. 2011. A comparison of hill stream anuran diversity across two habitats in Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve: a pilot study. Frogleg 15: 2-9
  • Prathapan, K. D, and P. D. Rajan. 2011. Biodiversity access and benefit-sharing: weaving a rope of sand. Current Science 100(3): 290-93


  • Lyngdoh, N., G. Joshi, G. Ravikanth, R. Uma Shaanker and R. Vasudeva. 2010. Influence of levels of genetic diversity on fruit quality in teak (Tectona grandis L.f.). Current Science 99(5): 639-644
  • Mukherjee, S., A. Krishnan, K. Tamma, C. Home, R. Navya, S. Joseph, A. Das and U. Ramakrishnan. 2010. Ecology driving genetic variation: A comparative phylogeography of jungle cat (Felis chaus) and leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in India.” PLoS ONE 5(10): 639-644
  • Nageswara, R. M., G. Ravikanth, K. N. Ganeshaiah and R. Uma Shaanker. 2010. Role of protected area in conserving the population and genetic structure of economically important bamboo species. Bioremediation, Biodiversity and Bioavailability 4(1): 69-76
  • Shijo, J., S. Reddy, A. P. Thomas, S. K. Srivastava and V. K. Srivastava. 2010. Spatial interpolation of carbon stock: A case study from the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot, India. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 17(6): 1745-2627
  • Manju, V. S., R. Uma Shaanker, S. R. Leather, R. Vasudeva and K. R. Shivanna. 2010. Floral resources, pollinators and fruiting in a threatened tropical deciduous tree. Journal of Plant Ecology: 1-9
  • Manju, V. S., R. Uma Shaanker, R. Vasudeva and K. R. Shivanna. 2010. Functional dioecy in Nothapodytes nimmoniana, a distylous species in the Western Ghats. Current Science 99(10): 1444-1449
  • Ranganathan, J., J. Krishnaswamy and M. O. Anand. 2010. Landscape level 
effects on avian species communities within human dominated ecosystems in the Western Ghats: Insights for management and conservation. Biological Conservation 143(12): 2909-2917
  • Bonell, M., B. K. Purandara, B. Venkatesh, J. Krishnaswamy, H. A. K. Acharya, U. V. Singh, R. Jayakumar and N. Chappell. 2010. The impact of forest use and reforestation on soil hydraulic conductivity in the Western Ghats of India: Implications for surface and sub-surface hydrology. Journal of Hydrology 391: 47–62
  • Patrick David, J., and V. Atkore. 2010. A note on feeding habits of fruit bats in Colaba, Urban Mumbai, India. Small Mammal Mail (Bi-Annual Newsletter of CCINSA & RISCINSA) 2(1): 9-11
  • Remadevi, O. K., T. O. Sasidharan, J. Bhattacharya, C. R. Vossbrinck and P. D. Rajan. 2010. Some pathological effects and transmission potential of a microsporidian isolate (Nosema sp.) from the teak defoliator Hyblaea puera (Lepidoptera:Hyblaeidae). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 30(3): 138–144
  • Nagendra, H., and D. Gopal. 2010. Tree diversity, distribution, history and change in urban parks: Studies in Bangalore, India. Urban Ecosystem 14(2): 211-223
  • Aravind, N. A., D. Rao, K. N. Ganeshaiah, R. Uma Shaanker and J. G. Poulsen. 2010. Impact of Lantana camara on bird assemblage at Malé Mahadeshwara reserve forest, South India. Tropical Ecology 51: 325-338
  • Hemmilä, S., M. Kumara, G. Ravikanth, S. Gustafsson, R. Vasudeva, K. N. Ganeshaiah, R. Uma Shaanker and M. Lascoux. 2010. Development of eleven microsatellite markers in the red-listed tree species Myristica malabarica. Conservation Genetic Resources 2(1): 305-307
  • Anitha, K., S. Joseph, R. J. Chandran, E. V. Ramasamy and S. Narendra Prasad. 2010. Tree species diversity and community composition in a human-dominated tropical forest of Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot, India. Ecological Complexity 7(2): 217-224
  • Bawa, K. S., L. P. Koh, T. M. Lee, J. Liu, P. S. Ramakrishnan, D. W. Yu, Y. Zhang, P. H. Raven. 2010. China, India, and the environment. Science 327(5972): 1457–1459
  • Gurudatt, P. S., V. Priti, S. Shweta, B. T. Ramesha, G. Ravikanth, R. Vasudeva, T. Amna, S. Deepika, K. N. Ganeshaiah, R. Uma Shaanker, S. Puri and N. Qazi. 2010. Attenuation of camptothecin production and negative relation between hyphal biomass and camptothecin content in endophytic fungal strains isolated from Nothapodytes nimmoniana Grahm (Icacinaceae). Current Science 98 (8): 1006-1009
  • Joseph, S., and P. P. Ouseph. 2010. Assessment of nutrients using multivariate statistical techniques in estuarine systems and its management implications: A case study from Cochin estuary, India. Water and Environment Journal 24(2): 126–132
  • Jain, M., G. Kuriakose and R. Balakrishnan. 2010. Evaluation of methods to estimate foliage density in the understorey of a tropical evergreen forest. Current Science 98(4): 508-515
  • Bawa, K. S. 2010. Cataloguing life in India: The taxonomic imperative. Current Science 98(2): 151-153
  • Lele, N., H. Nagendra and J. Southworth. 2010. Accessibility, demography and protection: Drivers of forest stability and change at multiple scales in the Cauvery basin, India. Remote Sensing 2: 306-332
  • Karthik, T., A. J. Hiremath and D. Jathanna. 2010. Patterns of seed rain and seedling regeneration in abandoned agricultural clearings in a seasonally dry tropical forest in India. Journal of Tropical Ecology 26: 25–33
  • Nagendra, H. and D. Gopal. 2010. Street trees in Bangalore: Density, diversity, composition and distribution. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 9(2): 129-137
  • Bai, S. N., T. O. Sasidharan, O. K. Remadevi, P. D. Rajan and M. Balachander. 2010. Virulence of Metarhiziumisolates against the polyphagous defoliator pest, Spilarctia obliqua (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae). Journal of Tropical Forest Science 22(1): 74–80


  • Balachander, M., O. K. Remadevi, T. O. Sasidharan and N. Sapna Bai. 2009. Infectivity of Metarhizium anisopliae (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes) isolates to the arboreal termite Odontotermes sp. (Isoptera: Termitidae). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 29(4): 202–207
  • Nagendra, H. 2009. Drivers of regrowth in South Asia's human impacted forests. Current Science 97(11):1586-1592
  • Nagendra, H. 2009. Society and science: Interdisciplinary exchanges. Current Science 97(11): 1513-1514
  • Krishnaswamy, J., K. S. Bawa, K. N. Ganeshaiah and M. C. Kiran. 2009. Quantifying and mapping biodiversity and ecosystem services: Utility of a multi-season NDVI based Mahalanobis distance surrogate. Remote Sensing and Environment 113(4): 857-867
  • Selwyn, A., and R. Ganesan. 2009. Evaluating the potential role of Eucalyptus plantations in the regeneration of native trees in southern Western Ghats, India. Tropical Ecology 50; 173- 189
  • Devy, M. S., S. Swamy and N. A. Aravind. 2009. Reshaping urban green spaces. Economic and Political Weekly 44(46)
  • Ramalingam, R., and D. R. Priyadarsanan. 2009. Ground insect community responses to habitat restoration efforts in the Attappady hills, Western Ghats, India. Current Science 97(6): 935-941
  • Sasidaran, T. O., O. K. Remadevi, R. Usharani, P. D. Rajan and N. Sapna Bai. 2009. Evaluation of cultural characteristic and pathogenicity of some isolates of Metarhizium anisopliae against teak defoliator, Hybaea puera Cramer. Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology 29(2): 142-148
  • Singh, S., S. Zuehlke, B. T. Ramesha, V. Priti, P. Mohana Kumar, G. Ravikanth, M. Spiteller, R. Vasudeva and R. Uma Shaanker. 2009. Endophytic fungal strains of Fusarium solani, from Apodytes dimidiata E. Mey. ex Arn (Icacinaceae) produce camptothecin, 10-hydroxycamptothecin and 9-methoxycamptothecin. Phytochemistry 71(1): 117-122
  • Mohana Kumara, P., N. Sreejayan, V. Priti, B. T. Ramesha, G. Ravikanth, K. N. Ganeshaiah, R. Vasudeva, J. Mohan, T. Santhoshkumar, M. P. Dutt, R. Viswakarma and R. Uma Shaanker. 2009. Dysoxylum binectariferum Hook.f (Meliaceae), a rich source of rohitukine. Fitoterapia 81(2): 145-148
  • Mohanty, A., B. Chrungu, N. Verma and K. R. Shivanna. 2009. Broadening the genetic base of crop brassicas by production of new intergeneric hybrid. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed 45: 117-122
  • Krishnakumar, K., R. Raghavan and B. Pereira. 2009. Protected on papers, hunted in wetlands: Exploitation and trade of freshwater turtles (Melanochelys trijuga coronata and Lissemys punctata punctata) in Punnamada, Kerala, India. Tropical Conservation Science 2(3): 363-373
  • Krishnakumar, K., R. Raghavan, G. Prasad, A. Bijukumar, M. Sekharan, B. Pereira and A. Ali. 2009. When pets become pests - exotic aquarium fishes and biological invasions in Kerala, India. Current Science 97(4): 474-476
  • Priti, V., B. T. Ramesha, S. Singh, G. Ravikanth, K. N. Ganeshaiah, T. S. Suryanarayanan and R. Uma Shaanker. 2009. How promising are endophytic fungi as alternative sources of plant secondary metabolites? Current Science 97(4): 477-478
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